Full Project Title: Andes Basin Focal Project (Andes BFP) (PN63)
The Andes River Basin, in biophysical terms, is the most mountainous of the CPWF basins, has the greatest rainfall extremes, and the greatest spatial heterogeneity in climate, geology and soils. Also, the Andes region has greater inequality between the upper reaches of watersheds and the lower valley areas compared to CPWF basins with less relief in other parts of the world.
The CPWF Basin Focal Project for the Andes system of basins worked with a range of local stakeholders to develop a better understanding of the mechanisms for improving the productivity of water in the Andes. Productivity is considered in broad terms as the productivity of energy (HEP), food and fiber (agriculture) and livelihoods (industry, transport and benefit sharing such as Payments for Environmental Services schemes (PES)).
- One of the key deliverables of the project was the development and deployment of the AguAAndes policy support system (PSS). This integrates analyses of water availability and productivity within the local environmental and policy context. It is a web-based policy support system combining an extensive spatial database with process-based models for hydrology, crop production and socio-economic processes.
- A number of key interventions were identified as relevant for both conventional – usually low-productivity – smallholder farming (mostly in upstream watersheds) and high-value agriculture (mostly downstream).
- Since the Andes Basin is characterized by geographical, topographic and elevational heterogeneity, land use and land management needs to be tuned to local conditions. Thus, matching crop types more carefully to local conditions is an important component of achieving greater crop per drop.
- Provision of technical training to community organizations that manage irrigation schemes (such as the Comisiones de Regantes) would aid in their successful integration into local government structures.
The project diagnosed the current status of water productivity, water poverty, environmental security, and the social and institutional context in the Andes basin including gender issues; and made recommendations for interventions to address Andean water poverty.
BNU, YRCC, CCAP, UI
For more information on Phase 1 outputs please contact Udana Ariyawansa.