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Full Project Title: Managing water and land resources for sustainable livelihoods at the interface between fresh and saline water environments in Vietnam and Bangladesh (PN10)

Introduction

Millions of people living in the tidal ecosystem in South and Southeast Asia are among the poorest and most food-insecure because agricultural production is hindered by seawater intrusion during the dry season. Most common management interventions fail to recognize the diversity of rural livelihoods in coastal zones, and the environmental consequences for water quality and aquatic biodiversity.

By taking into account diverse stakeholder interests and complex multi-scale interactions, this project aimed to carry out integrated natural resource management (INRM) research to increase land and water productivity for improved food security and livelihoods, in a manner that is environmentally sustainable and socially acceptable to various resource users at two coastal sites in the Mekong River Delta (Vietnam) and Gangetic Delta (Bangladesh).

Research Highlights

Research highlights

  • Improved production systems that integrate agriculture, aquaculture, and fisheries in the coastal zones of Bangladesh and Vietnam for enhancing livelihoods in a sustainable manner.
  • Achieved strong impacts in these production systems by providing methodologies, tools, and techniques for integrated resource management at different scales: from the farm level to the water control system level and regional and national levels.
Project Outcomes

Project outcomes

  • In Vietnam, using a whole range of innovative components selected by researchers with farmers, individual farm households, in their turn, adopted and adapted new production systems with crops and aquatic organisms (shrimp, fish and crabs) to reduce production risks and increase income for the farmers of each zone to adapt to their needs.
  • In Bangladesh, the project worked with farmers on ways to introduce a second dry season (boro) rice crop after the usual single rice crop grown in the monsoon (aman) season. The technology increased annual rice yield more than 100% and almost doubled farmers’ benefits compared with farmers’ common practices prompting the Bangladesh Water Development Board to adopt the water technology as the cornerstone of its water management strategy for the country’s coastal zones.
Publications and Outputs

To view all outputs from project PN10 visit our document repository.

Selected publications and outputs

Journal articles

  1. Alam MJ, Saha SB, Islam ML, Tuong TP. 2006. Potential of rice-fish integration in southwest coastal environment of Bangladesh. Progressive Agric. 17(1) ISSN 1017-8139:189-199.
  2. Alam MJ, Islam ML, Tuong TP. 2008. Introducing tilapia (GIFT) with shrimp (Penaeus monodon) in brackish-water rice-shrimp system: impact on water quality and production. Bangladesh J. Fisheries Res. 12(2):187-195.
  3. Hoanh CT, Phong ND, Gowing JW, Tuong TP, Ngoc NV, Hien NX. 2009. Hydraulic and water quality modeling: a tool for managing land use conflicts in inland coastal zones. Water Policy 11:106-120.Joffre OM, Bosma RH. 2009. Typology of shrimp farming in Bac Lieu Province, Mekong Delta, using multivariate statistics. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 132(1-2): 153-159.

Books/monographs

  1. Hoanh CT, Tuong TP, Gowing JW, Hardy B, editors. 2006. Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery-aquaculture conflicts. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series No. 2. CABI Publishing, UK. 336 p.
  2. Hoanh CT, Szuster B, Kam SP, Noble A, Ismail AM, editors. 2010. Tropical deltas and coastal zones community, environment, and food production at the landwater interface. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series. CABI Publishing, UK (in press).

Book chapters

  1. Baran E, Jantunen T, Chheng P. 2006. Developing a consultative Bayesian model for integrated management of aquatic resources: an inland coastal zone case study. In: Hoanh CT, Tuong TP, Gowing JW, Hardy B, editors. Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery aquaculture conflicts. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series No. 2. CABI Publishing, UK. p 206-218.
  2. Gowing JW, Tuong TP, Hoanh CT. 2006. Land and water management in coastal zones: dealing with agriculture-aquaculture-fishery conflicts. In: Hoanh CT, Tuong TP, Gowing JW, Hardy B, editors. Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery-aquaculture conflicts. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series No. 2. CABI Publishing, UK. p 1-16.Gowing JW, Tuong TP, Hoanh CT, Khiem NT. 2006. Social and environmental impact of rapid change in the coastal zone of Vietnam: an assessment of sustainability issues. In: Hoanh CT, Tuong TP, Gowing JW, Hardy B, editors.
  3. Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculturefishery- aquaculture conflicts. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series No. 2. CABI Publishing, UK. p 48-60.
  4. Hossain M, Ut TT, Bose ML. 2006. Livelihood systems and dynamics of poverty in a coastal province of Vietnam. In: Hoanh CT, Tuong TP, Gowing JW, Hardy B, editors. Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery-aquaculture conflicts. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series No. 2. CABI Publishing, UK. p 30-47.
Final Report
Project Partners

Project partners

BLPC, BFRI, BRRI, BWDB, CTU, HEED, IRRI, IWMI, LGDE, RIA, SC, NIAPP, SIWRP, UAF

Project Lead

Project lead

IRRI

For more information on Phase 1 outputs please contact Udana Ariyawansa.

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