Project title: Socioeconomic and technical considerations to mitigate land and water degradation in the Peruvian Andes (PN70)
Land and water degradation undermine agricultural productivity, contribute to high levels of poverty and food insecurity, and cause major problems for downstream users of land and water resources in the rural areas of the Andes region.
Although numerous research and development projects are promoting sustainable land and water management technologies (SLWMT) in the Jequetepeque watershed, little is known about the quantitative impacts on adoption of SLWMT or on agricultural productivity, poverty, or land degradation.
The project aimed to study the conditions required for widespread adoption of SLWMT in the Jequetepeque basin while ensuring relevance of the results for similar regions elsewhere in the Sierra region.
The findings support rural development of the Sierra region by identifying and promoting higher value activities linked to regional and local market development and comparative advantages that are appropriately targeted and responsive to farmers’ needs.
More effort is needed to identify and promote technologies in the near term while encouraging shifts to more sustainable and remunerative land uses and livelihood options for poor people living in such fragile environments.
Because of the high level of variability in agro-ecological conditions in the Jequetepeque watershed, it is difficult to evaluate whether different interventions are applicable in other parts of the watershed. This analysis provides a methodology to quickly screen for comparable agro-ecological conditions on the basis of readily available digital elevation models and remote sensing images that help to find areas of comparability.
Changes in knowledge included information from the report, which was shared with actors at the mid-term and final workshops, along with discussions from their responses to reports as well as follow up with the government officials.
A second category of impact is at a policy level with National System of Public Investment in the Ministry of Economics and Finance (SNIP). Although they weren’t directly involved in the selection of interventions or areas of study, the reports and information presented to them will be very useful in developing policies and determining where to invest for development projects in the future. This impact at a larger scale will also benefit the ultimate beneficiaries as investments are better targeted to the poorest households in the region that most need the assistance.
Selected publications and outputs
- Pender, John, Meagan Keefe, and Eduardo Maruyama, “Impacts of Project Interventions in the Jequetepeque Watershed,” Challenge Program on Water and Food Report, Project Number 70.
- Zegarra, Eduardo and Alvaro Espinoza, “Impacts of Selected Project Interventions in Jequetepeque: An Institutional Analysis,” Challenge Program on Water and Food Report, Project Number 70.
- Stoorvogel, Jetse J., Jasper Tolsma, Kenny Aberson, Afsaneh Soltani “Spatial variability, interventions and adoption of alternative technologies in the Peruvian Andes,” Challenge Program on Water and Food Report, Project Number 70.
- Maruyama, E. and M. Torero. 2007. “Development of the Rural Economy in the Sierra of Peru: Report on Typology.” Mimeo, IFPRI.
GRADE, UNALM, WU, MoA