Project title: Commune agroecosystem analysis to support decision making for water allocation for fisheries and agriculture in the Tonle Sap wetland system (PN71)
Fisheries and farming systems are closely interlinked in Cambodia and the preservation and enhancement of both systems, and the contributions that these can make to the livelihoods of the poor require a comprehensive and integrated approach.
In the Tonle Sap area, fishing-related activities play a very important role in local livelihoods and subsistence in the floodplain areas not adjoining permanent water bodies or small rivers or streams.
The project aimed at improving fisheries considerations in the Commune Agroecosystem Analysis (CAEA) process undertaken in Cambodia, to facilitate better planning at the commune level.
- A number of changes to the CAEA tools were made: Entirely new tools were introduced to address important water resource, fishery and livelihood issues not covered by the original CAEA tools; Existing tools were modified to better address key issues in a more complete or comprehensive manner.
- The revised CAEAs exhibit an emerging recognition of the importance of awareness-raising and capacity development at the community level as compared to the previous narrower focus solely on agricultural production systems.
- Successful incorporation of fisheries parameters in relation to fisheries biology, water resources and livelihoods into the CAEA process: The results and analyses have clearly shown that PN71 has significantly strengthened the manner in which these aspects are now addressed by CAEA, compared to a previous narrower focus solely on agricultural production systems.
- Since 2004 the use of CAEA has been officially adopted as a national policy for agricultural development, with the DAE of the MAFF as the executing agency.
Selected publications and outputs
Papers under preparation for submission to peer-reviewed journals/RR series (end 2010)
- Hoanh, C. T., Johnston, R., Senaratna Sellamuttu, S., Baran, E., Mith, S., Craig, I., Smith, L., Mak, S., Sameng, K., Khean, S., Say, T., Nam, S., Sy Vann, L., Seung, S., Seun, N., Theng, T and Sam On, S. Incorporating fisheries into community agro-ecological analysis: Lessons from Cambodian cases.
- Johnston, R., Thuon, T., Senaratna Sellamuttu, S., Mak, S., Mith, S and Craig, I. Improving irrigation planning in Cambodia: The role of community agro-ecological analysis.
- Laurence, S., Senaratna Sellamuttu, S., Nguyen Khoa, S. and Mith, S. Evaluating and enhancing community agro-ecosystems analysis in Cambodia from a livelihoods and poverty reduction perspective.
- Mith, S., Mak, S., Sovannara, K., and Dubois, M. Commune agroecosystem analysis: Systems thinking for decentralised natural resources management.
Internally peer-reviewed reports
- Baran, E., DeFalco, T., Sy Vann, L., Nam, S., Sueng, S. and Seung, N. 2010. Commune agroecosystem analysis to support decision-making on water allocation for fisheries and agriculture in the Tonle Sap wetland system. Fisheries Component. Analysis of the revised CAEA methodology as applied to fisheries, 20p.
- Baran, E., Nam, S., Sy Vann, L. 2008. Commune agroecosystem analysis to support decision-making on water allocation for fisheries and agriculture in the Tonle Sap wetland system. Fisheries Component. Integrating fish resources to agroecosystem analyses, 41p.
- Department of Agricultural Extension and the Challenge Program on Water and Food. 2010. Guidance manual. Commune agroecosystems analysis in Cambodia, 89p. Department of Agricultural Extension and the Challenge Program on Water and Food. 2010. Agroecosystems analysis of Sna Ansar Commune. CAEA Report, 76p.
DAE, MAFF-C, MOWRAM, IFReDI, MRC-FP, ICL