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Home > Basin > Limpopo > Limpopo Project on Targeting and Scaling Out (L1)


Determining where and under which circumstances different water management technologies—such as motorized pumps or small reservoirs—are likely to be successfully implemented is a central challenge to the development of the Limpopo River basin.

The L1 project sought to help policy makers, investors, and other stakeholders in the basin target and out scale agricultural water management interventions to improve the productivity and resilience of smallholder farmers. The project developed the Targeting Agricultural Water Management Interventions (TAGMI) tool to help meet this goal. This evidence- and knowledge-based decision support tool maps the likelihood with which a given intervention will be successful in different locations across the basin. The tool is available at

According to the TAGMI tool, opportunities to significantly increase productivity by out scaling various agricultural water management technologies exist in the Limpopo basin. A basin-wide policy review undertaken by L1 indicates that the policy environment is conducive for investments in and development of agricultural water management.

The project mapped poverty across the Limpopo basin, which shows that rural poverty has increased over the past decades in South Africa, while it has decreased in other Limpopo basin countries. Rural poverty levels are still highest in Zimbabwe and Mozambique, despite recent improvements.

The project concluded that despite a conducive policy environment, available technologies and high rates of rural poverty in the basin, broad scale adoption of technologies is prevented by poor diagnostics and planning, as well as top-down implementation and management.



  • The L1 project was successful in developing interest for a more integrated approach to out scaling agricultural water management interventions and several international development institutions have expressed interest in using the TAGMI tool in their work.


View all L1 outputs on CG Space.


Stockholm Environment Institute; WaterNet; University of Witwatersrand; International Water Management Institute-South Africa (IWMI).

Project Leader

Jennie Barron ([email protected])